Because most accounts have been written by Americans, about Americans and for Americans, they often have little to say about the aspect of greatest concern to Australians, the regional context. The Domino Theory is arguable the key aspect of the Vietnam War. ASEAN ANZAC ANZUS APEC SEATO Columbo Plan Immigration Policies Toggle Dropdown. The Domino Theory is arguable the key aspect of the Vietnam War. Despite the rhetoric of ‘100 years of mateship’, the commitment was not simply a matter of Australia loyally supporting the US ‘all the way’. That led to wars and rivalries with various kingdoms and polities. Take a few minutes to watch the following YouTube videos. The film follows previous Burns works in providing poignant footage mixed with compelling interviews and a backdrop of good music, starting in this case with Bob Dylan’s A Hard Rain’s Gonna Fall . The only reference to Australia I detected in the Burns and Novick documentary is the suggestion, of questionable accuracy, that the Australians were the source of one of the racist terms that American soldiers applied to the Vietnamese. The falling Domino principle is a wide accepted explanation that urged the U.S. to support the French in the Franco-Vietminh war, and … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to … Beyond the Domino theory: The Vietnam War and Metaphors of Sport. The theory was first proposed by Pres. Prior to World War II, the Australian government still looked to London for leadership, diplomatic guidance and, when necessary, military protection. At that time, Australia’s principal concerns in the region were over the stability of Malaysia and Indonesia. The advance of Japanese imperial forces into the Asia-Pacific brought an aggressive imperial power clo… The Domino Theory speculates that if one or more lands in a specific region or continent is taken over by the Communist rule, then … For the greater part of the 1950's and 1960's, Australians foreign policy was a policy of forward defense. The Domino Belief stated that “if one Asian state fell to communism, then, like falling dominoes, all of Asia would soon fall to communism”. Australia's Engagement with Asia 1945-2001: Domino Theory & Forward Defence . The future of Laos and Cambodia was clearly tied to the outcome of the conflict in Vietnam. Was Australian strategy in the third quarter of the twentieth century, generally known as forward defence, a strategic disaster? Australia was a largely British and American orientated nation, and the government at the time of Australia's involvement in Vietnam was staunchly anti Communist (they even tried to … Australians are entitled to assess the strategic costs and benefits differently. By that criterion it is much easier to justify the defence of South Vietnam than the invasion of Iraq. Fear of communism There was a growing fear of communism The invasion of the North Korean communists into democratic South Korea was seen as a threat to democracy Sending troops to Vietnam was a move to support democracy Situation in Vietnam Vietnam was once a colony of France After WW2 the … We will never know just what the regional ramifications would have been if the Saigon government had collapsed in 1965, as seems certain in the absence of massive Western intervention, but it is highly likely that those ramifications would have been profound. Communism, Lenin said, was a movement based on class, rather than nationality or race. Australia and the Vietnam War. In the end, what the US feared to happen the most, happened anyways: South Vietnam fell. In the 1950s and 1960s, the Australian government argued it had found the right balance in what was known as ‘forward defence’. Explain why Australia chose to be involved in the Vietnam War in 1965? If they didn’t stop Vietnam becoming communist altogether, the whole of Asia, and after that the rest of the world would fall, which would lead to them losing the Cold War and most of their power. As we explored previously the USSR was a. ideology that aims at the establishment of this social order. Another reason Australia joined the Vietnam war was Australia also joined the Vietnam to honour its treaties and show its support to the US as the US had helped Australia in WWII. Adherents of the Domino Theory pointed to the writings of Russian communist leader Vladimir Lenin, who called for “international revolution”. It was part of a containment strategy to stop the spread of communism to more south-east Asian countries. In fact, there were at least two fundamental differences between the Vietnam and Iraq commitments. The domino theory was the United States reasoning behind Entering the Vietnam War. The danger, as they saw it, was American isolationism, not imperial overreach. It took until the 16th century for Hanoi to reach the Mekong delta. In 1966, Menzies stated: “I subscribe to the domino theory because I believe it obvious that if the Vietnam War ends with some compromise that denies South Vietnam a real and protected independence, Laos and Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia will be vulnerable this domino theory has formidable reality to Australians who see the boundaries of aggressive communism coming closer … The Domino Belief stated that “if one Asian state fell to communism, then, like falling dominoes, all of Asia would soon fall to communism”. With the Cold War period being well established, this was a time of great political tension and the United States and the USSR were competing for global dominance. If South Vietnam fell to the communist the US feared that communism would spread throughout Asia and to neighbouring countries. The commitment, so important to us, hardly figures in most American accounts of the war. The first is the famous—many would say notorious—domino theory, the idea that a communist victory in South Vietnam would lead to a spread of communist or allied regimes throughout Southeast Asia. Student debt cancellation in focus amid Biden transition This tab is about America's involvement and how this conflict began. Diplomatic History, Psychohistory and Modern World History. We have learned much more, especially in the past 10 years, about Hanoi’s war, including the way in which Ho Chi Minh and other leaders were sidelined by the ruthless Stalinist, Le Duan. 6) The Final Quiz. The Domino Theory and the Vietnam War This investigation will explore the question: To what extent was the Domino Theory validated by the progress and outcomes of the Vietnam War? Hanoi was founded in the year 1010. Despite the CIA’s debunking of the Domino Theory, the US committed 500,000 troops the war in 1965. Consequently John Gorton, as prime minister from 1968 to 1971, found it impossible to extract Australia from a conflict that was now a political burden, and for which the regional context no longer provided a convincing justification. First, Iraq was about regime change; Vietnam was not. Domino Theory - The Vietnam War on Year 10 History - Vietnam as an historical and cultural pivot: The globalised world, popular culture (1945 - present) curated by Catherine Shaw With reference to ' Strategic dependance'. For more detailed information on Domino Theory, please visit the website below: Copyright © 2020, Australia and the Vietnam War: 50 years on, Law, politics and intelligence: a life of Robert Hope, A wartime alliance under strain—Vietnam 1967, Remembering Long Tan: Australian army operations in South Vietnam 1966–1971. The Americans, fresh out of the war in Korea, saw Vietnam as yet another place where their feared domino theory was playing out. 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