electrical resistivity method for groundwater exploration

A geophysical evaluation using Electrical Resistivity method for groundwater exploration at the study area was carried out which involved the utilization of Vertical Electrical Because of this effect, groundwater is a good target for electrical and electromagnetic geophysical methods that measure resistivity. Electrical resistivity method is one of the most useful techniques in groundwater geophysical exploration, because the resistivity of rocks is sensitive to its ionic content (Alile, et al., 2011). The resistively method is designed to give information about the electrical conductivity of the earth’s rocks. The electrical geophysical methods are used to determine the electrical resistivity of the earth's subsurface. EXPLORATION OF GROUND WATER USING ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY METHOD A Thesis submitted to the National Institute of Technology, Rourkela In partial fulfilment of the requirements of Bachelor of Technology (Civil Engineering) ASHVIN KUMAR MEENA Roll No. Underground Water Exploration Using Electrical Resistivity Method in Edo State, Nigeria. Consequently, measuring the ground Keywords: self -potential, 2 D resistivity, surface water, groundwater 1. Groundwater, through the various dissolved salts it contains, is ionically conductive and enables electric currents to flow into the ground. Thus, electrical methods are employed for those applications in which a knowledge of resistivity or the resistivity distribution will solve or shed light on the problem at hand. These methods have been originally developed for petroleum and mineral exploration. The electrical resistivity method is the most widely used and it has proved particularly effective in groundwater exploration because many geological formation properties such as porosity and permeability that are critical to hydrogeology can be correlated with electrical conductivity signatures (Eke and Igboekwe, 2011). A number of different electrode configurations can be employed for electrical surveys, including: Vertical Electric Soundings (VES) for grounding studies (ASTM G57, IEEE-81); 2-D and 3-D Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) These are the resistivity method and the seismic reflection and refraction method. The electrical resistivity method has some inherent limitations that affect the resolution and accuracy that may be expected from it. Desai & Dr. Anirban Dhar,Department of Civil Engineering,IIT Kharagpur.For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.ac.in Only the principles of these methods will be given here. Efficacy of Geophysical Techniques for Groundwater Exploration in the Volta Basin, Northern Region of Ghana* 1A. A geophysical evaluation using Electrical Resistivity method for groundwater exploration at the study area was carried out which involved the utilization of Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) technique Geophysical methods have been used for many years to assist in hydrogeological exploration for ground water. ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY METHOD FOR GROUNDWATER INVESTIGATION Electrical resistivity methods of geophysical prospecting are well established and the most important method for groundwater investigations. 3a, b, c and d). occurrence of groundwater will greatly reduce the resistivity of all rocks and sedimentary materials through electrolytic conduction. Observations in almost all of these tests are recorded in the form of logs. French, Russian,and German geophysicists are mainly responsible for the development of the theory and practice of di­ re¤t electrical prospecting methods. In resistivity method the current is driven through the ground using a pair of electrodes and the resulting distribution of the potential in the ground is mapped by using another pair of electrodes connected to a sensitive voltmeter. The Electrical Resistivity Method is a versatile, fast and cost effective technique for mapping The occurrence, movement and control of groundwater, particularly in hard-rock areas, are governed by different factors such as topography, lithology, structures like fractures, faults and nature of weathering. Among the various geophysical methods of groundwater investigation, the Electrical Resistivity Method has the widest adoption in groundwater exploration (Olorunfemi, 1999; Ariyo, 2007; and Afolayan et al., 2004). Among all the geophysical methods, electrical and electromagnetic techniques are the most popular in groundwater exploration due to the close relationship between electrical conductivity and some hydrogeological properties of the aquifer (e.g. Introduction topography and frac Geophysical methods are rapid, non-destructive, re- Groundwater exploration requires appropriate and efficient techniques. The CSAMT/MT method has been used to identify groundwater exploration targets Electrical resistivity methods are frequently used as investigation tool in groundwater exploration to obtain, details about the location, depth and apparent resistivity of the subsurface layers. 2.1 Direct Current (Dc) Resistivity The Dc resistivity methods measure the electrical resistivity distribution of the subsurface using current transmitted into the ground from dc- or low-frequency sources, by two electrodes (C1 and C2), and measuring the potential difference between a second pair of electrodes (P1 and P2) (Fig. One commonly used method is the electrical resistivity method since, it is efficient and economical to determine groundwater. We shall mention below only the most commonly used geophysical methods for groundwater exploration. Most of these 32. 2. A total of 5 vertical electrical sounding stations were established within the site along 5 traverses. Studies have showed that groundwater could be explored using electrical resistivity methods (Olorunfemi and Fasoyi, 1993; Olasehinde, 1999; Alile et al., 2008). The application of surface resistivity method however, can provide useful method for The number of electrical methods used since the first application around 1830 (Parasnis 1962) is truly large; they include self-potential (SP), telluric currents and magnetotellurics, resistivity, equipotential and mise-à-la-masse, … Several attempts have been made by groups of individuals, communities, Government and even industries to site a good water project in Anambra state (Nfor et al ., 2007, Anakwuba et al., 2014). A potential groundwater zone was identified at resistivity values of <100 Ωm at depths >50 m. The high contrast of resistivity values indicated a fracture/fault for this area. As for groundwater potentiality, the second layer … Each of these methods can be used for a wide range of applications. The integrated approach to solving complicated geological, hydrological and environmental problems is now widely used in geophysics. Abstract: A new simple and quick geophysical method for groundwater exploration in the crystalline rocks of Tudun Wada Kano State, Nigeria has been developed. Asian Journal of Earth Sciences, 1: 38-42. Geophysical methods Exploring the ground water by geophysical method is termed Ground water geophysics. Electrical Resistivity. Ground Water Hydrology by Dr. V.R. Electrical resistivity methods The resistivity method is used in the study of horizontal and vertical discontinuities in the electrical properties of the ground. A new simple and quick geophysical method for groundwater exploration in the crystalline rocks of Tudun Wada Kano State, Nigeria has been developed. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) is a popular geophysical subsurface-imaging technique and widely applied to mineral prospecting, hydrological exploration, environmental investigation and civil engineering, as well as archaeological mapping. This is due to the fact that the field operation is easy, the equipment is portable, less filled pressure is DOI: 10.3923/ajes.2008.38.42 10601035 Under the guidance of PROF. J.K PANI PROF. A.K PRADHAN DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING intermediate electrical resistivity values, the third layer is made up of clay (aquiclude) with relatively low electrical resistivity values and the fourth layer consists of limestone with relatively high electrical resistivity values. The method allows a quantitative result to be obtained by using a controlled source of specific dimensions. i. Classification of Electrical Methods. progress in applying electrical methods to ground-water exploration began during World War II. work basically embodied the application of electrical resistivity method in prospecting for groundwater at Oba and its environs. Although several methods are available for the purpose, two methods viz., the electrical resistivity and seismic refraction methods have been successfully used for groundwater investigation. that groundwater is about 0.61%, it is surprisingly, about 60 times as plentiful as fresh water in lakes and rivers on the surface (Plummer et al., 1999). For the direct detection of water‐bearing formations, the electrical resistivity method has been effective but relatively slow and costly. Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) Method measurement of rock resistivity from the surface to determine the subsurface rocked layer [1]. Geophysical survey involving electrical resistivity methods has been carried out at Annunciation grammar school, Ikere- Ekiti, southwestern Nigeria with the view to delineate the geo-electric characteristics of the basement complex and evaluate its groundwater potential in the area. EXPLORATION OF GROUND WATER IN NIT VALLEY 2010 NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, ROURKELA, ORISSA Page 10 Electrical resistivity method Principle • Groundwater contains various dissolved salts and is ironically conductive and enables electric currents to flow into the ground. Definition and Units of Resistivity View Use of Electrical Resistivity Method for Ground Water Investigation Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Applying geophysics for groundwater exploration and/or resource evaluation is only about 10 to 15 years in practice. It utilizes direct currents or low frequency alternating currents to investigate the electrical properties (resistivity) of the subsurface. 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